วันพฤหัสบดีที่ 29 กรกฎาคม พ.ศ. 2553

Sisaket Province.

sisaket flowerGeography, History, And Demographics.

         The province is located in the valley of the Mun river, a tributary of the Mekong. The Dângrêk mountain chain, which forms the border with Cambodia, is in the south of the province.

         The many Khmer ruins found in the province show it must have been important to the Khmer empire at least by the 12th century, although probably sparsely populated. According to local tradition, it was known Sri Nakorn Lamduan. It was later called Khukhan, after a town built in the late 15th century A.D. during the reign of the King Boromaratcha III of Ayutthaya. Ethnic Laos settled the northern portion of the province, and in 1786 the town Sisaket was formed, subject to Khukhan. In 1904, Sisaket was renamed Khukhan.

         In 1933 the monthon system was ended, and the province of Khukhan was directly administrated from Bangkok. The name of the town and province was restored to Sisaket in 1938, with the district containing Huai Nua being called Khukhan.

        In the 2000 Census it was reported that 26.2% of the population are capable of speaking Khmer. Neighboring provinces are (from west clockwise) Surin, Roi Et, Yasothon and Ubon Ratchathani. To the south it borders Oddar Meancheay and Preah Vihear of Cambodia. Area is approximately 8,840 square kilometers. And has a population of 1.44 million.

sisaket Symbols    Symbols.

      The provincial seal shows the Prasat Hin Ban Samo, a Khmer temple about 1000 years old, located in the Prang Ku district. And symbol flower and tree of the province is the White Melodorum fruticosum.

      Administrative divisions.

              The province is subdivided into 22 districts (Amphoe). 206 subdistricts and 2411 villages.

  • Mueang Sisaket
  • ...............................12.Huai Thap Than
                                    2. Yang Chum Noi ...............................13.Non Khun
                                    3. Kanthararom ....................................14.Si Rattana
                                    4. Kantharalak ......................................15.Nam Kliang
                                    5. Khukhan ...........................................16.Wang Hin
                                    6. Phrai Bueng ......................................17.Phu Sing
                                    7. Prang Ku ..........................................18.Mueang Chan
                                    8. Khun Han .........................................19.Benchalak
                                    9. Rasi Salai ..........................................20.Phayu
                                  10.Uthumphon Phisai ...............................21.Pho Si Suwan
                                  11.Bueng Bun ..........................................22.Sila Lat


    Preah Vihear Sanctuary Sisaket
                Preah Vihear Sanctuary {ปราสาทเขาพระวิหาร}. The famous cliff-top Khmer sanctuary is near a disputed area between Thailand and Cambodia which has drawn much attention. It was listed as an antique architectural site by the Royal Thai Fine Arts Department, with an announcement in the Royal Gazette on October 11, 1940. Following an international Court ruling on July 15, 1962, however, the Hindu sanctuary is now on the Cambodian side of the border. Access must still be made through Thailand. An area of 4.6 square kilometers adjoining the temple is claimed by both countries is has been the scene of sporadic clashes between Thai and Cambodian border patrols.
                Plang Ku Khmer Ruins {ปราสาทปรางค์กู่}.  The Stupa of this Khmer ruin complex was built in gigantic-size. In front of Plang Ku is a big pond which is home to Anatidae species which gather from February onwards.
                Taleng Khmer Ruins {ปราสาทตาเล็ง}. This features a single stupa standing on a rectangular base. The stupa's base faces east. Only the front wall and some side walls remain.
                Ban Samor Khmer Ruins {ปราสาทบ้านสมอ}.  This small Khmer ruin is located in Moo 2 Ban Tamchan, Tambon Samor. Built in the 13th Century, its stupa houses a carved statue.

    Sra Kampaeng Yai Khmer Ruins            Sra Kampaeng Yai Khmer Ruins {ปราสาทสระกำแพงใหญ่}. This is the largest and most complete Khmer complex in the province. The site includes three stupas on the same base lined in a north-south direction and facing east. It was a originally shrine dedicated to Shiva, but was converted to a Mahayana Buddhist temple in 13th Century.
                Sra Kampaeng Noi Khmer Ruins {ปราสาทสระกำแพงน้อย}. These Khmer ruins include a laterite stupa and chapel with a big pond at front, all within a laterite wall. In the 13th century, additions were made in the Bayon architectural style. It once containe a community hospital known as the ‘Arokaya Sala’.
                Phrasath Huai Thap Than {ปราสาทห้วยทับทัน}. This consists of 3 brick stupas on laterite base aligned in North-South direction. They stand inside laterite walls with arch gates. The carved lintels depicting the churning of the sea of milk lies in front of the southern stupa.
                Tamnaksai Khmer Ruins {Tamchan Khmer Ruins} {ปราสาทตำหนักไทร,ปราสาททามจาน}. This is a single stupa of brick on a sandstone base. The stupa is rectangular. There is door on the east, while the other three sides have entrances with a door frame carved into the brickwork.
    Phra That Ruang Rong            Phra That Ruang Rong {พระธาตุเรืองรอง}. The temple's architecture is a blending of art from four ethnic groups in Lower Northeast: Lao, Suay, Khmer, and Yer. The Phra That Or stupa is 49 metres high.
                Wat Maha Buddharam {วัดมหาพุทธาราม}. This Buddhist temple’s vihara houses ‘Luang Por To’ the sacred icon of Sisaket. Dating back to the Khmer era over a thousand years ago, the statue was carved from stone and later later at unknown time.
                 Bas relief Carved on the red sandstone cliff, this depicts three gods in Khmer style. Khmer craftsmen probably practised here first before doing the actual carving for Preah Vihear Sanctuary.
                 Sra Trao or Huay Trao This stream runs through rock at the foot of Preah Vihear Mountain, before entering a subterranean tunnel strengthened by rock walls. It is assumed that the lowland was once used as a Barai {Khmer reservoir}.

    Somdet Sri Nagarin Park             Somdet Sri Nagarin Park {สวนสมเด็จศรีนครินทร์}. With landscape of rolling hills, the park is nourished by two streams.Here is rich of ‘Lamduan’ or Lamdman Tree, making it a nice place for botanical excursion.
                 Wat Pa Maha Jedi Kaeo {Wat Larn Kuad} {วัดป่ามหาเจดีย์แก้ว,วัดล้านขวด}.  The Buddhist temple is remarkable with architectures made from million of colourful glass bottles donated by the people.
                 Namtok Samrong Kiat {Namtok Pisad} {น้ำตกสำโรงเกียรติ ,น้ำตกปีศาจ}. Originating in [Kantung Mount in the Bantad Range, this medium-sized waterfall turns vibrant from late rainy season to winter, from September to February.
                 Namtok Huay Chan {Namtok Kantrom} {น้ำตกห้วยจันทร์,น้ำตกกันทรอม}. Originated from Phu Salao Mount on Bantad Range, the waterfall cascades beautifully before meeting with Mun River. The falls is vibrant from September to Frebruary.
                 Sisa Asoka {ศีรษะอโศก}.  Is a community model in self sufficiency, showcasing people who prefer Buddhism-devout lifestyle. Its remarkable success attracts organizations from nationwide to study its story.
                 Fruit Orchard of Sisaket {เส้นทางเที่ยวชมสวนชิมผลไม้ศรีสะเกษ}.  Some 5 km from Amphoe Kantaralak, on the right of highway 226 (Kantaralak-Pha Mor E-Dang) there is a 20-km (16 km on asphalt road) cutting through villages. These villages are significant fruit producers of Sisaket.
    Pra Vihear             Khun Ampai Panich Building {ตึกขุนอำไพพาณิชย์}. The beautiful building belongs to Sisaket nobleman Khun Ampai Panich (In Naga-siharat). It is well renovated and preserved, and eventually won gold medal in the project of conversing urban architecture in 1987.


                    Dok Lamduan Festivals {งานเทศกาลดอกลำดวน}. Held annually between March 15-17 at Somdet Sri Nagarin Park when lamdman trees in the park are in full bloom, The fair comprises cultural performance of four local ethnic groups namely Khmer, Suay, Lao, and Yer. And can enjoy selecting handicrafts.
    Mor E-Dang
                    Half and Quarter Marathon to Mor E-Dang {การแข่งขันวิ่งฮาล์ฟและควอเตอร์มาราธอนสู่ผามออีแดง}. Held annually on the third Sunday of December, This uphill and foggy route to the border is a quite challenging route which attracts lots of runners. The half and quarter marathon will start from Ban Phume Sarol to Mor E-Dang Cliff, on the way to Preah Vihear.
                    Sisaket’s Rambutan and Durian Fair {งานเทศกาลเงาะทุเรียนศรีสะเกษ}. The fair is held every June at the field before Amphoe Kantaralak or Amphoe Khun Harn. Can enjoy the big sales of fruits from Sisaket such as rambutan, durian, lanson, mangosteen, stink beam and rubber, flower floats.

                    Travel from Bangkok to Si Sa Ket province .

                 • The Northeastern Railway. distance 515.09 Km. Came into the Sisaket station.
                 • The National Highway No.1 (Phaholyothin) to the junction to National Highway 2 (Friendship Road) and at 107 km along the National Highway No. 2 to Nakhon Ratchasima. Separately to the right on Highway 226 through Buriram and Surin Si Sa Ket province is the total distance 571 km.
                 • By Bus can travel from Bangkok North East Line. Came into the station â Transport Sisaket province directly.
                 • By the aircraft can travel by domestic airlines to the Ubon Ratchathani Airport. And proceeded to Si Sa Ket province. With a length of about 60 km.

    Sra Kampaeng Yai Khmer Ruins

    Preah Vihear Sanctuary

    Mor E-Dang
    Plang Ku